Perpetual Calendar watches with retrograde date in an enlarged officer’s-style case are a long standing Patek Philippe tradition. Officer’s watches have their backs protected by dust covers. The Patek Philippe 5159G is the rediscovery of a legendary timepiece with a Perpetual Calendar and a retrograde date in a larger Officer’s style case with a redesigned dial.
THE PATEK PHILIPPE 5159G PERPETUAL CALENDAR IN 18K WHITE GOLD
The Patek Philippe 5159G takes the officer’s watch into a new dimension. The diameter of the
case, which features a gold dust cover that protects the sapphire crystal back, is 38 mm
approximately 2 mm more than its predecessor.
The dial of the Patek Philippe 5159G has been thoroughly reworked to reflect the statelier prominence of this wristwatch.The Roman numerals in the hour circle were slightly extended. Their larger, elongated look enhances readability. The dial features a hand guilloched sunburst pattern in the center, a radiant contrast to the silvery opaline background. The day, month and leap year displays in apertures, as well as the retrograde date indication with a flyback hand, are elegantly arranged, emphasizing the understated nobility of this perpetual calendar timepiece. The moonphase display in the aperture at 6 o’clock is also eloquently integrated in the layout. The hour and minute hands, which are black oxidized gold, as well as the slender seconds hand, appear to hover above the dial. The Patek Philippe 5159G, is one of the few perpetual calendar watches with a center sweep second. Even the case of the Patek Philippe 5159G is complex and just as sophisticated as the timepiece itself. A solid gold dust cover, an authentic hallmark of Patek Philippe officer’s watches, protects the display back. Although this may seem simply aesthetic, when the cover snaps shut, it must be tight around the entire circumference. The casemaker checks this precision fit with a magnifying glass and at the same time listens attentively to the click and will patiently adjust the hinge until the perfectly sealed cover makes the sound that is associated with a Patek Philippe officer’s watch.
The sapphire-crystal case back of this Patek Philippe Perpetual Calendar watch reveals the well known self-winding caliber 315 S QR movement,which automatically recognizes the duration of each month and keeps track of leap years. S stands for sweep seconds, Q for perpetual calendar, and R for the retrograde date with the flyback hand.
The retrograde date is a remarkable complication because the date hand moves along a 270 degree arc, and at about midnight of the last day of the month, it jumps back to the numeral 1. During the precisely controlled flyback phase, the hand is disconnected from the drive train and instantly captured at the 1 so that it cannot in advertently rebound forward by one or two days. The complexity of the moon-phase mechanism is equally astonishing: it remains accurate for 122 years and 45 days, and then only has to be corrected by one day. To execute these complicated functions, 361 individual parts must interact in perfect harmony. The best artisans and watchmakers fine tune each of these parts until they satisfy Patek Philippe’s rigorous quality standards. The teeth of the steel wheels, for example, are polished by hand one by one because this surface quality generates less friction and reduces wear. Of course, the movement complies with all criteria of the Geneva Seal, the most stringent set of specifications for the ultimate in horological craftsmanship. The sheer beauty of this movement, the perfect finish, and the smooth motion of the heavy 21K gold rotor can be admired through the sapphire-crystal case back when the dust cover of the case is opened. This Patek Philippe watch is worn on an alligator strap with an 18K fold-over clasp. The white gold model comes with a matte dark brown strap.
Patek Philippe 5159G Perpetual Calendar
- Mechanical self-winding movement
- Caliber 324 S QR
- Perpetual calendar with retrograde date hand
- Day, month, leap year in apertures
- Opaline-white dial, hand-guilloched center
- Moon phases
- Sweep seconds hand
- Fold-over clasp
- White gold
- Sapphire-crystal case back protected by a hinged dust cover
- Water resistant to 30 m
- Case diameter: 38 mm